Every living mammal has a physiological system called the Endocannabinoid System (ECS). This regulatory system naturally produces cannabinoid-like structures throughout the body that foster cellular balance throughout many of your body’s biological systems. The job of the ECS is to create homeostasis. It produces cannabinoids when the body senses imbalance to help regulate your body to live comfortably, controlling things like pain, sleep, mood, etc. It helps the body’s neurons navigate the neurotransmitters to the right receiver by elevating levels that are too low or decreasing levels of a hormone that is overabundant.
The ECS has two receptors for cannabinoids called CB1 receptors and CB2 receptors, which are present throughout the body. CB1 receptors are more prevalent in the brain and deal with coordination and movement, pain, sleep, emotions, mood, thinking, appetite, memory and other functions. CB2 receptors are more common in the immune system and affect inflammation and pain. CBD is a phytocannabinoid (plant-based cannabinoid) that attaches to ECS receptors and inhibits the enzymes that break down endocannabinoids, leading to an increase in the body’s naturally produced cannabinoids. CBD becomes an asset when the body cannot produce enough cannabinoids naturally.